A competing interest exists when professional decision on a primary interest (such as the validity of research) could be influenced by a secondary interest (such as financial gain, employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, etc). A competing interest is not considered unethical
per se but it should be declared and clearly expressed. All authors must announce all competing interests in covering letter and in “Competing Interests” section at the end of the manuscript (before the references). Authors with no competing interests to report should state that obviously.
The policy of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences is that none of the editors should have any financial relationship with any biomedical company.
Ethical approval of research/Publication Ethics
Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences journals follow the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and aim to adhere to its Best Practice Guidelines.
We seriously consider allegations of publication misconduct, both before and after publication, and we reserve the right to inform authors' employers, funders, or regulatory bodies if necessary. If we find definite evidence of misconduct, we will take necessary measures to correct the scientific record, including supplying a correction or retraction.
Authors are strongly recommended to know and follow publication ethics, especially with regard to authorship, dual submission, figure manipulation, competing interests, plagiarism, and compliance with standards of research ethics. In cases of suspected misconduct, we will follow COPE standards and practices and may refer to COPE forum if needed.
Statement of Ethics Approval
Every research article submitted must include a statement that the study has been approved for ethical considerations (or a statement that it was not required and declare the reason), including the name of the ethics committee(s) or institutional review board(s), the number/ID of the approval(s), and a statement that participants offered informed consent prior to participation. Even when a study has been approved by a research ethics committee or institutional review board, editors may request authors for more detailed information regarding the ethical considerations of the study.
Patient consent and confidentiality
Any article that includes personal medical information about an identifiable living individual requires the patient’s explicit consent before we publish it. We expect the patient to sign our consent form, which requires the patient to have read the article.
If it is not possible to obtain informed consent because the patient cannot be found then the work will be published only if the identifying information is adequately anonymized. Anonymization means that no one, including the patient, could identify the patient definitely.
If the patient has deceased, the authors should obtain permission from a relative (for courtesy and medical ethics). If the relatives cannot be accessed, we will balance the seriousness of the case and the likelihood of identification as well as offence if identified in judging whether we should publish without a relative’s consent.
Our policy on obtaining consent for publication of patients’ pictures is a subdivision of our general policy regarding patient confidentiality. If it is likely that a patient could be identified through a photograph, any images or its accompanying text, the patient’s written consent to publication is required by Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences.
Images, such as x rays, ultrasound images, laparoscopic images, pathology slides, or images of undistinctive parts of the body, can be used without consent if they are anonymized by eliminating any identifying marks and do not contain text that could divulge the patient’s identity through clinical or personal facts.
Research reporting guidelines
Authors are advised to apply the relevant research reporting guidelines for the study type declared by the EQUATOR Network, ensuring that you provide sufficient information for editors, peer reviewers and readers to understand how the research was conducted and to judge whether the findings are possibly reliable.
Clinical trial registration
By ICMJE recommendations, a clinical trial is defined as “any research project that prospectively assigns people or a group of people to an intervention, with or without concurrent comparison or control groups, to study the cause-and-effect relationship between a health-related intervention and a health outcome”.
According to the ICMJE , journals published by Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences will not have clinical trials considered for publication unless they were registered prospectively before enrollment of any participants.
Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to:
- Directly copying text from other sources
- Copying ideas, images, or data from other sources
- Reusing text from your own previous publications
- Using an idea from another source with slightly modified language
If plagiarism is detected throughout the peer review, the manuscript may be rejected. If plagiarism is detected after publication, a correction or retraction of the paper is likely, as appropriate. Moreover, authors' institutions are informed about plagiarism detected either before or after publishing the work.